© Peter Bond, Geograph. Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0. Source

A wolf in the Highland Wildlife Park near Insh, Scotland.

Worksheet No. 13

These Worksheets are based on textbooks written by NL Clay (1905-1991) and used in English schools from the 1920s to the 1960s. They focus on vocabulary, sentence structure, and clear speaking. They are best studied in pairs or small groups, because that allows you to pool ideas and encourages you to speak; but you may of course share your sentences with me.

Composition

For each group of words, compose a single sentence that uses at least one of them. They are generated randomly from a list of very common English words.

I. Town. Your. Seat.

II. All. Product. Especially.

III. Interest. Kitchen. Sport.

See more Spinners.

Vocabulary

Give one word for each of the following. If more than one seems possible, select the best answer, and say why you preferred it.

IA fabric screen hanging at the front of a stage. IIAdd one’s support to a proposition. IIIIsolation imposed in order to prevent the spread of disease. IVLose one’s footing on a greasy or frozen surface. VMove gently from side to side. VIPassenger vehicle in a railway train. VIIPlace for keeping a car when not in use. VIIIPortable instrument for telling the time of day. IXSudden and violent rush of wind. XTall cup with a handle but no saucer. XITemporary route taking road traffic around an obstruction. XIITower-like metal frame for carrying electrical cables high above ground. XIIIWheeled carrier used by customers at a supermarket for items they intend to buy.

Suggested words (in A-Z order)

Carriage. Curtain. Diversion. Garage. Gust. Mug. Quarantine. Roundabout. Second. Slip. Sway. Trolley. Watch.

Extreme Adjectives

Use each of the following adjectives in a sentence:

IAtrocious. IIEar-splitting. IIIFrantic. IVIncredible. VMiniscule. VIMonstrous. VIIUtter.

See more Extreme Adjectives.

Paraphrase

Express the following using different words as much as you can. How successful are our suggestions?

IA little learning is a dang’rous thing [Pope]. IIAbsence makes the heart grow fonder [Bayly]. IIIWhen the cat’s away, the mice will play [Proverb]. IVTake care of the pence, and the pounds will take care of themselves [Chesterfield]. VGod moves in a mysterious way / His wonders to perform [Cowper].

Suggested paraphrases

IUntil you have reached a certain level of knowledge in any subject, applying what you know may be harmful. IISeparation tends to make people feel more affectionate towards one another. IIIWhen the watchful eye of authority is removed, those formerly restrained by it will feel they can behave as they please. IVEconomy in small sums of money should make economy in large sums unnecessary. VThe Lord works miracles, but in ways beyond our comprehension.

Composition

Suggest suitable ways to finish these sentences.

1. When the news came, ...

2. Before I could speak, ...

3. While she waited for his arrival, ...

Hints

IWas the news good or bad? What was its emotional effect? What do happy/relieved/shocked people instinctively do? Where did it happen? Who else was there? IIWhat was I going to say, and to whom? What/who stopped me saying it, and how? Where did this happen? IIIWhom is she waiting for: lover, employer/employee, blackmailer? Where is she? How does she prepare herself and her surroundings?

Narration

Turn these notes into a short passage of continuous prose.

Once upon a time... Wolf accused Fox of theft. Fox denied it. Asked Monkey to judge. Wolf and Fox argued. Monkey interrupted. Told them: Listened to both sides. Reached a conclusion. Addressed Wolf. Don’t believe anything was stolen. Addressed Fox. Do believe you stole it. Those known for dishonesty never believed.

Based on The Wolf, the Fox and the Monkey by Aesop and Phaedrus.

Elocution

Speak each group of words out aloud, making the difference in pronunciation clear.

IDing, thing. IIBell, fell. IIIBred, breed. IVHeart, hurt. VHead, heard. VIFed, ford. VIITell, knell. VIIIEyes, ice. IXLies, lice. XGaze, guess. XIWhere, were.

Read this short passage out aloud, clearly and without haste.

TELL me where is fancy bred,
Or in the heart, or in the head?
How begot, how nourishèd?
Reply, reply.

It is engendered in the eyes,
With gazing fed; and fancy dies
In the cradle where it lies.
Let us all ring fancy’s knell;
I’ll begin it, — ding, dong, bell,
Ding, dong, bell.

From The Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare.